So is he claiming that one can be a utilitarian and still have justification for actions, without using the moral standpoint? Also that current the normative utilitarian view is obscure and is very hard to defend. Is he claiming that the principle of consideration, if correctly applied can work to justify a utilitarian view? And once this principle is followed, “equality of distributions and fairness of processes are among the properties that make states of affairs worth promoting.” The state will be able to achieve max utility by allowing certain exceptions, such as the scenario he uses for times of drought. In a drought if the pump house is burning it would be okay to use the water to put it out, even though it would be breaking the law?